Any time you listen to an expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language. -lysis: Decomposition, destruction, or breaking down. The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, "Root Words & Prefixes: Quick Reference. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. Pulmon/o: Refers to the lungs. BMI: Body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight. 33. 35. Rounding out your existing knowledge with some additional medical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms can help you gain an even better handle on what you hear in the health care world. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. 17. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. Master today's medical … Hypertension: High blood pressure. Perhaps you’re aware of what it means for a condition to be chronic or for a tumor to be benign. 14. Hemat/o: Pertaining to blood. 48. You might even know some of them by a different name. Cf. C - centigrade, celsius 9. 24. Intravenous: Indicates medication or fluid that’s delivered by vein. Abscess: A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection. A solid understanding of this language is important for health care professionals and patients alike. Stat: Immediately. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Constructed words are easy to deconstruct and easier to learn as each part has a meaning. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. Some suffixes also … 27. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. -ology: The study of a particular concentration. Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. But unless you’re planning to become a doctor or another type of provider, this condensed lineup should get you up to speed. You’re your own best advocate. 3. 29. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. But what if you don’t have a doctor you see regularly? CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. For instance, you can refer to it for common medical terms that your physician may have used at an appointment you had with him/her, which you may not have understood fully. Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric ward. See the common root, denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another, denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time), denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important', denotes something as 'first' or 'most important', Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped, falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death), referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy, burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually), of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double-sided", denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness, abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck, of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated across or through, of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure, turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting, geotropic (The directional growth of an organism in response to gravity), of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the, having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:02. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. arthr- + -o- + -logy = arthrology), but generally, the -o- is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem (e.g. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. 25. Benign: Not cancerous. Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. 32. Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. Some evidence shows the most engaged patients tend to have better outcomes. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. 23. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. 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