This item was created by a contributor to eHistory prior to its affiliation with The Ohio State University. It was as much a part of power politics as the king’s mercenary army, and it could be as ruthless in its operations. After his death, his friend (or perhaps step brother) Ptolemy I became the pharaoh of Egypt. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great, whose heart was conquered by the beauty of the country near the Nile. Ive read about some of the stuff that was in there and saw some of the the excavation of machine like objects that we dont even know how it worked. It is known that Cleopatra VII spent hours at the library. So who did burn the Library of Alexandria? The first person blamed for the destruction of the Library is none other than Julius Caesar himself. Many famous philosophers, zoologists, biologists, and other researchers worked in the Musaeum. During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, one of China’s most important libraries suffered the loss of centuries’ worth of materials. MMDE: Thousands. His successor as Pharaoh, Ptolemy I Soter, founded the Museum (also called Museum of Alexandria, Greek Mouseion, “Seat of the Muses”) or Royal Library of Alexandria in 283 BC. Plutarch, for instance, provides this account: The library was under siege and ravaged by fire several times over the years. The so-called destruction of the Library of Alexandria is largely myth, and of modern origin. Ptolemy was also the creator of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Paleo rock art from around the world ranges in style, method, and age, and includes cave paintings, petroglyphs, pictographs, polished and engraved stones such as effigies, stone sculptures, and portable ceremonial objects. Between 270–275 AD, the city of Alexandria saw a rebellion and an imperial counterattack that probably destroyed whatever remained of … 8) The ancient library of Alexandria was destroyed on two different occasions. Islam was coming into its golden age in 642 and was preserving and transcibing ancient text not destroying such knowledge. Christians, Jews and Pagans all lived together in the city. The Musaeum was home to 1,000 scholars at one point in time. This is the Ancient Origins team, and here is our mission: “To inspire open-minded learning about our past for the betterment of our future through the sharing of research, education, and knowledge”. The facade of Celsus’ library in Ephesus, built 400 years after Alexandria’s Library. Alexandria was founded in Egypt by Alexander the Great. The second story of the Library's destruction is more popular, thanks primarily to Edward Gibbon's "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire". Even then it was said to have taken six months to burn all the documents. They didn't pay taxes, but had to lecture, conduct research, and translate texts from Persian, Jewish, Assyrian, etc. Egypt was a country of free thinkers. Their creators had no need to save or archive them and as such those first examples of writing are lost. Is St Catherine of Alexandria a Fictional Person Based on Hypatia of Alexandria? Most of these works were never copied and did not survive in other collections. Ammianus Marcellinus, Roman History, available at: http://lexundria.com/amm/22.16/y. Caesar wrote of starting the fire in the harbor but neglected to mention the burning of the Library. Interesting article, but a minor correction: nobody translates texts from "Jewish." It is extremely difficult to find out exactly what was located on the shelves of the library, but generations of passionate researchers have created some possible lists of the lost scrolls’ authors. Library of Alexandria, the most famous library of Classical antiquity. The library continued to operate afterward, and while the extent to which it was destroyed is uncertain, there were undoubtedly countless irreplaceable texts lost. Alexandria had long been known for its violent and volatile politics. Legendary Claddagh Rings: What are the True Origins of these Symbolic Irish Wedding Rings? In the Hellenistic world, many sciences (like anatomy) were forbidden. As such, it has not been reviewed for accuracy by the University and does not necessarily adhere to the University's scholarly standards. The ancient Egyptian scrolls were full of knowledge collected by priests on papyri from the earliest days of the civilization. The monumental Musaeum of Alexandria was famous for its legendary library. Lilith: Adam’s First Wife in Eden or a Diabolical Demoness? How many books were lost when it was destroyed? In 640 AD the Moslems took the city of Alexandria. Moreover, the Ptolemies bought many ancient scrolls, including texts by Homer, Sapho, and other ancient writers. The loss of the ancient world's single greatest archive of knowledge, the Library of Alexandria, has been lamented for ages. Answer to: What knowledge was lost in the Library of Alexandria? Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. The city he described did not exist for much longer. Library of Alexandria has been one of the largest libraries of the ancient world.People believed that it was destroyed in a huge fire some 2000 years back and the vast collection of scrolls and manuscripts were destroyed with it. As an accidental casualty of war, the Library suffered extensive damage during the Ptolemaic siege in 48 BCE. Researchers are still working to unveil the wonderful story of the Musaeum. Many Renaissance scholars devoted themselves to remembering what was lost. After his death, his nephew Cyril became Patriarch. It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Alexandrian Museum. The fire spread and destroyed the Egyptian fleet. But how and why it was lost is still a mystery. Greatly outnumbered and in enemy territory, Caesar ordered the … The library was named after Alexander the Great, who initiated the collection of documents in 334 BCE. Top image: Illustration of what might have been the Musaeum. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about... Owing to fluctuations in the earth’s temperatures, the sea levels all over the world rose and fell in more or less regular intervals during the Pleistocene between 400,000 to 12,000 years ago. The collection may have ebbed and flowed as some documents were destroyed and others were added. The loss of scientific understandings in that of physics and medicine, as well as the loss of cultural and historical documentation and knowledge, and much more, is unlike any other event in recorded history. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. What exactly happened to this amazing storehouse of ancient knowledge, and who was responsible for its burning? With the invention of writing, believed to have occurred in Mesopotamia around 3200 B.C., came the need to archive and store collections of texts. Situated in Alexandria, Egypt, the Library of Alexandria was the de facto National Archives of Antiquity. There are many reported human skeletal finds which are in discordance with current evolutionary beliefs dating back to anomalously ancient geological periods in the distant past, way before it is accepted that human beings ever existed. But scientists in Egypt could voice even the most rebellious theories and explore any field of science. What the Great Library Was. The scholars who had studied at the Library of Alexandria and their students continued to conduct research and write treatises, but most of them no longer did so in association with the Library. In any case, losing the data included in the library is sufficient in order to still the soul of many academics these days. In truth, ancient peoples generally had extremely limited knowledge of science and medicine—knowledge which modern peoples long ago surpassed. Its golden age in 642 ce new faith whose heart was conquered by beauty! 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