Brown, T.N., Williams, D.R., Torres, M., Sellers, S.L., and Brown, K. “Racism and the Physical and Mental Health Status of African Americans: A Thirteen-Year National Panel Study.” Ethnicity and Disease, 1996 6(1,2):132-147.•    Williams, D.R., Yu, Y., Jackson, J.S., and Anderson, N.B. Discrimination in the workplace covers any work related issues, and it is important for employers to take care that the company handbook, policies, and practices are uniform, regardless of employee race, gender, ethnicity, age, religion, or disability. How often do your coworkers direct racial or ethnic slurs or jokes at you?8. Age discrimination in the workplace: Validation of the Nordic Age Discrimination Scale (NADS). Thinking over your entire life, in addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior in some other aspect of your life?Response categories for all of the previous questions are Yes/No.•    Follow-up Questions:We want to talk in more detail about experiences of unfair treatment you told me about earlier.For each Question:H1. “Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health: The Interplay Between Discrimination and Socioeconomic Status.” Ethnicity and Disease. ), Self, Social Identity and Physical Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations. How often has a coworker with less experience and fewer qualifications gotten promoted before you?12. 1997; 2(3):335-351. o    Krieger N., Smith K., Naishadham D., Hartman C., Barbeau E.M. “Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health.” Social Science & Medicine. Accepted it as a fact of life. (Ed. “A Mixed-Methods Approach to Developing a Self-Reported Racial Ethnic Discrimination Measure for Use in Multiethnic Health Surveys.”  Ethnicity & Disease, 2009 19(Autumn):447-453.•    Surkan, P.J., Mukerjee, J.S., Williams, D.R., Eustache, E., Louis, E., Jean-Paul, T., Lambert. 2012 7(1): e30501. You were denied a bank loan? (CHECK MORE THAN ONE IF VOLUNTEERED).1. Available:  http://www.mhsip.org/pdfs/jackson.pdf.•    Schulz, A.J., Gravlee, C.C., Williams, D.R., Israel, B., Mentz, G., Rowe, Z. Overall, women are more likely than men to report having experienced each of these things – from being passed over for desirable assignments to earning less than someone of the opposite gender doing the same job. How often do you feel that you have to work twice as hard as others to get the same treatment or evaluation?2. �����8���t W�ٗ�Mb��|k��O���RM��z��N;�I�-�&�������䌆����~����_�T�u�m�� y͓S\�G�fK|��+?�g������>-�5�L���c��f*�| �yC�Bw�>/����`OQ6R�qD�%U*,*�-�����?�5�Ҙ����X�ħ4��}���S�b�Ѽ3�%�I�� K����� �,j7�B�83�5s����s ���.m��\���������=��W#l�%�m; In what year did you first have an experience of ___________________?H1e. You are treated with less courtesy than other people are.2. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2001 11:800-816.•    Williams, D.R. Went on as if nothing had happened. Gender discrimination survey questions template is created to collect responses from employees at workplace to know if they have experienced gender discrimination. Pp. To learn more, take a deep dive with our guide to Diversity & Inclusion in the workplace. Your sexual orientation10. If you think discrimination doesn’t exist in the workplace, you simply don’t know what it is. “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452. a. Experimenters measure varying degrees of discrimination. How often are you watched more closely than others?4. “The Prevalence, Distribution, and Mental Health Correlates of Perceived Discrimination in the United States.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior. •    Adapted from NSAL for the CCAHS study. “Racial Disparities in Health: How Much Does Stress Really Matter?” Du Bois Review, 2011; 8(1): 95-113. What do you think was the main reason for this experience? & Lepisto, E.M. “The perceived racism scale: A multidimensional assessment of the experience of white racism among African Americans.” Ethnicity and Disease. You are threatened or harassed. 2000; 527-564., New York: Russell Sage Foundation, •    Measure: Here are some situations that can arise at work. Have you ever been unfairly stopped, searched, questioned, physically threatened or abused by the police?4. 4 0 obj In addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior in getting into or staying in a neighborhood that you wanted?Education10. Your Weight    8. •    Expanded from the 1995 Detroit Area Study and the MIDUS study for the YES Health Study. Powerless5. Didn’t let it get to you; refused to think about it too much.6. According to The 2019 Workforce View in Europe Report from ADP, 49% of UK workers aged between 25-34 have reported facing some type of discrimination.. That’s almost one in two people that have been discriminated against. You were prevented from renting or buying a home in the neighborhood you wanted? 2 0 obj How did you respond to this experience? Racial discrimination in the workplace has been a persistent theme in Canada’s history as well as present-day times. and Collins, C. “U.S. Your Religion    6. “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452.•    QuestionnaireIn the following questions, we are interested in the way other people have treated you or your beliefs about how other people have treated you. 2. Do you think you  have ever been unfairly fired or denied a promotion?2. ing for employment discrimination can be conducted for research or law en-forcement purposes, but this technique is usually limited to measuring discrimi-nation at the hiring level. Source: Williams, D.R., Yu, Y., Jackson, J.S., and Anderson, N.B. Male symbol and female symbol on the scale Gender Equality, Adult, Balance, Weight Scale workplace discrimination stock illustrations. Can you tell me if any of the following has ever happened to you:1. ), Perspectives on Social Problems. You receive poorer service than other people at restaurants or stores.4. Try to avoid certain social situations and places?Response scale for all items:    Very often………1    Fairly often………2    Not too often………3    Hardly ever………4    Never ………5, •    Developed for the Chicago Community Adult Health Study, •    Measure:In your day-to-day life, how often do you do the following things:1. 1999 9(2):151-165.•    Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R. �̾e�m*b��B���Dz|YI�.��yƽ>ݯ��%$��� ˆM�&H�.��s̖�]�X�ƚ�=��O��i;�僐2O�}y��G�����3�A��7 ���MZ�����q� •    Adapted from the 1995 DAS  •    See http://www.midus.wisc.edu/ for more information•    Source: Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R. Your Ancestry or National Origins    b. In what month or year did this happen? “Racial Disparities in Health: How Much Does Stress Really Matter?” Du Bois Review, 2011; 8(1): 95-113. Hopeless6. Part One: Fighting Workplace Discrimination on a Global Scale Discrimination law in the United States is more evolved than in any other country on Earth. •    Source:  Sternthal, M.J., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R. A lot2. How Common Is Workplace Discrimination? •    Williams, D.R. 4. “Discrimination and Mental Health among Black and White Adults in the YES Health study.” Race and Social Problems, 2011 3(3):182-196.•    Kim, S.S., Williams, D.R.” Perceived Discrimination and Self-Rated Health in South Korea: A Nationally Representative Survey.” PLoS ONE. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?7. 1999 40(3):208-230.•    Collins, C., and Williams, D.R. A little4. (PROBE:  ensure that information is included about the age, gender, and race of the perpetrator).H3. •    Schulz, A.J., Williams, D.R., Israel, B.L., and Lempert, L.B. You told me that you have been UNFAIRLY ________________.H1a. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 51, 23–30. Please tell me if you did each of the following things.1. In addition to what we have talked about, is there any other way you have been treated UNFAIRLY AT WORK, for example, prevented from doing something or been hassled or made to feel inferior?Housing6. At any time in your life, have you ever been unfairly fired?2. “Perceived discrimination and mental health disorders:  The South African Stress and Health study.”  South African Medical Journal, 2009 99(5):383-389.•    Hunte, H., Williams, D.R. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY stopped, searched, or questioned by the police?14. Harvard T.H. In what year was your MOST RECENT EXPERIENCE of _____________________?H5a. This survey template is carefully curated for organizations and has questions that are a balanced mix of demographic and gender discrimination related questions. 7. Together, studies show that obese people s… Oxford, Academic Press. c. Expanded Everyday Discrimination Scale  A 10thitem was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.”  This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) 4 (GO TO H5b)H1c. “Racism and Health: A Research Agenda.” Ethnicity and Disease, 1996 6(1,2):1-6.•    Williams, D.R. 1999 40(3):208-230.•    QuestionnaireS13. mCUE�*�Q���� X��5p���yV=�o�M�aKO��ݢ)���;&_�Y�F�%(gr�2�������)f��.�ɷM#�n�SK�I��� �@�!�3o�Y�V_䂊�m;�R2�����P8KWA��. Have you ever been unfairly prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?7. 1997 9:231-261.•    Williams, D.R., Yu, Y. and Jackson, J.S. Frustrated3. (L. D. Bobo, M. L. Oliver, J. H. Johnson, A. Valenzuela, Eds.). ), Perspectives on Social Problems. ),  Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior, Vol. Would you say it was:Very stressful        Quite stressful    Somewhat stressful    Not at all stressful, •    Used in the Yes Health Study•    Adapted from 2 sources:o    McNeilly, M.D., Anderson, N.B., Armstead, C.A., Clark, R., Corbett, M., Robinson, E.L., Pieper, C.F. However, recent reports show an increase in perceived age discrimination among older employees. 1990; 30 (12), 1273-1281. “The Prevalence, Distribution, and Mental Health Correlates of Perceived Discrimination in the United States.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior. Pp. “Discrimination and Health.”  In Anderson, N.B. 2000 41:314-332. Not at all. 1999 14(3):495-523.•    Williams, D.R., Spencer, M., and Jackson, J.S. “Race, Health, and Health Care.”  St. Louis University Law Journal, 2003 48(1):  13-35.•    Williams, D.R., “Racism and Health.”  2004 Pp. How many times has this happened in the last year?______________H1d. Some3. Please tell me how often you have experienced them during the LAST 12 MONTHS.1. DHHS pub. Your Sexual Orientation    10. 10. This isn't like prostate cancer—nobody sees prostate cancer. cC[�K`_$�F��(�~XAgg�P� ���Nk�9}BSto��r^/��]��pϴ���t?��}�E�H(�� &*s��(� E��5ؗ0��yCTi�T���X��3Ko�R���_/�2l�*��UI��$�tohj� ����:l�G$?��M���o�p!�ĸ����?�\�&���|w(Z3�7��k����v�l�. Do you think you have ever been unfairly prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?6. “Racial segregation and disparities in cancer stage for seniors.”  Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2008 23(5):699-705.•    Haas, J. S., Earle, C. C., Orav, J. E., Brawarsky, P., Keohane, M., Neville, B. (In Press). How well do you feel you have dealt up to now with this experience and any changes or problems which may have resulted from it?VERY WELL        QUITE WELL        SOMEWHAT WELL        NOT TOO WELL. “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. For unfair reasons, have you ever not been hired for a job? “Discrimination, Race, and Health.” 1998  Proceedings of the Public Health Conference on Records and Statistics and Data User’s Conference, July 28-31, 1997, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., CD Rom #1. Your Religion6. Each measure is … the discrimination caused you to suffer depression and you can’t work because of it you can’t work because your employer won’t make adjustments for your disability you’ve been forced to go off sick because your employer won’t take steps to protect your health and safety while you’re pregnant Some other Aspect of Your Physical Appearance    8. Some other aspect of your appearance8. Developed by Williams, Yu, Jackson, & Anderson (1997), the 20-item Perceived Discrimination Scale measures how often people feel that others treat them badly or unfairly on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or other characteristics. Background: Discrimination is associated with depressive symptoms and other negative health effects, but little is known about the mental health risks of workplace gender discrimination. “Segregation and Mortality: The Deadly Effects of Racism.” Sociological Forum. Recommended response categories for all items:    Almost everyday    At least once a week    A few times a month    A few times a year    Less than once a year    Never•    Follow-up Question (Asked only of those answering “A few times a year” or more frequently to at least one question. Response scale for all items:    Once a week or more………1    A few times a month………2    A few times a year………3    Less than once a year………4    Never…………………5, •    In dealing with these day-to-day experiences that you just told me about, how often do you:1. Over one hundred and fifty million Americans over the age of twenty are obese. 116 (September/October 2001): 404-416. ONCE5. This is a review of five instruments designed to measure workplace discrimination, prejudice, and attitudes toward diversity. •    QuestionnaireWe are interested in your beliefs about the way other people have treated you. 3. 4. “Racism and Health.” in Kris Heggenhougen and Stella Quah (eds.) This includes 21 percent of male respondents and 19 percent of female respondents. The survey included a series of items aimed at measuring specific types of gender discrimination in the workplace. 1995 Pp. 2019;66(4):549-570. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2017.1422935. Your Education or Income Level    OTHER POSSIBLE CATEGORIES TO CONSIDER1. 1, Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications, 2004 254-259.•    Williams, D.R. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. A., Williams, D. R. "Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortality." 1997; 2(3):335-351.•    Studies of Validity and Reliabilityo    Krieger N., Smith K., Naishadham D., Hartman C., Barbeau E.M. “Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health.” Social Science & Medicine. Pay discrimination based on an employee's membership in a protected category like race, disability, or sex, is prohibited by anti-discrimination laws. NOH5. Your age2. 2011 6(11):e27636.•    Williams, D.R., John, D., Oyserman, D., Sonnega, J., Mohammed, S.A., Jackson, J.S. You were not hired for a job? This item was retained in SWAN because it is consistent with experiences included in the original work on everyday discrimination by Essed (22, 23) and is similar to items on other scales assessing day-to-day discriminatory treatment (40, 41). “Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Health: The Added Effects of Racism and Discrimination.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 5. “Racial Disparities in Health.” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 2011; 8: 95-113. It's unlawful to discriminate against an employee based on age if they're older … •    Krieger, N., Waterman, P.D., Kosheleva, A., Chen, J.T., Carney, D.R., Smith, K.W., Bennett, G.G., Williams, D.R., Freeman, E., Russell, B., Thornhill, G., Mikolowsky, K., Rifkin, R., Samuel, L. “Exposing Racial Discrimination: Implicit & Explicit Measures-The My Body, My Story Study of 1005 US-Born Black & White Community Health Center Members.” PLoS One. Can you tell me if each of the following has ever happened to you:1. Have you ever been unfairly discouraged by a teacher or advisor from continuing your education?5. Worked harder to prove them wrong.4. We extrapolated our results to get a sense of the scale and effects of the age discrimination scourge across the nation. Tried to do something about it. You were not given a job promotion? Did that happen in the last 12 months? <> Hargraves and K.S. Lufkin Industries, Inc. Race discrimination in employment Race discrimination class action brought by African American hourly and salaried employees of Lufkin Industries, Inc., an East Texas oilfield equipment manufacturing company. 93-130.•    Williams, D.R. Pp. “Race and Health: A Multidimensional Approach to African American Health.” Benjamin C. Amick, Sol Levin, Diana Chapman Walsh, and Alvin R. Tarlov (eds. Laboratory measures of discrimination begin with verbal hostility (e.g., in studies of interracial aggression), which can constitute discrimination, when, for example, negative personal comments result in a hostile work environment (see Chapter 3). Your Ancestry or National Origins    2. You are treated with less respect than other people are.3. Your tribe (SASH)    Other (SPECIFY) _____________________________. 1997; 2(3):335-351.•    Source: Forman, T.A., Williams, D.R., and Jackson, J.S. •    Collins, C. and Williams, D.R. 1997 7(5):322-333.•    Clark, R., Anderson, N.B., Clark, V.R., and Williams, D.R. Your Age    5. A Physical Disability    11. In addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior by teachers or classmates?Police/Courts13. How often do you feel that you have to work twice as hard as others work?9. Angry2. 1999 54:805-816.•    Williams, D.R. 1996; 6 (1,2), 154-166.o    Bobo, L, Suh SA. 9. Increased your efforts to make things work. In the workplace context, race discrimination constitutes any unfavorable treatment against a job applicant or employee, specifically because of his or her race or race-related characteristics, such as … 3 Examples of Discrimination at Work. (IF YES)  Was it so bad that that you moved out?9. You were fired? Tried to forget that it had happened. Studies show that obese men between the ages of twenty and sixty four pay over a thousand dollars more every year on their medical costs than do people of a healthy weight. Have you ever received service from someone such as a plumber or car mechanic that was worse than what other people get? In addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior by the police or the courts?Other Major Experiences of Unfair Treatment17. by Niall McCarthy, Oct 24, 2019 Workplace health and wellness in the U.S. “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. 1999 New York: Oxford University Press. 2005; 61(7):1576-1596.o    Taylor T.R., Kamarck T.W., Shiffman S. “Validation of the Detroit area study discrimination scale in a community sample of older African American adults: the Pittsburgh healthy heart project.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. You were denied or provided inferior medical care? Not at allS17. Even though employers are … The leading treatise on U.S. employment discrimination law runs to two volumes and 3,500 pages; no other country has a discrimination law treatise so long.2 By now, decades after America’s civil Your height or weight7. 6�*jU�,Q��JG� 1 0 obj Public Health Reports, 2001. )# OF TIMES IN YOUR LIFE1. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY suspected or accused of doing something illegal by the authorities?16. •    Follow-up question for each item:  number of times in your life?S15. “Perceived Discrimination and Stigma Towards Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Their HIV-Positive Caregivers in Central Haiti,”  AIDS Care, 2010 22(2):803-815.•    Shariff-Marco, S., Breen, N., Landrine, H., Reeve, B.B., Krieger, N., Gee, G.C., Williams, D.R., Mays, V.M., Ponce, N.A., Alegria, M. “Measuring Everyday Racial/Ethnic Discrimination in Health Surveys.” Du Bois Review, 2011 8(1): 159-177.•    Sternthal, M., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R. Scared7. ), Origins and Destinies: Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in America. •    Measure: Here are some more situations that can arise at work. 69-80 in Whitfield, Keith E., (ed. 10. 1. Feel that you always have to be very careful about your appearance (to get good service or avoid being harassed).3. “The Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Obesity in a Population Based Multiracial/Ethnic Adult Sample.” American Journal of Public Health, 2009 99(7):1285-1292.•    Friedman, E.M., Williams, D.R., Singer, B.H., Ryff, C.D. We aimed to investigate the association of workplace gender discrimination and depressive symptoms among employed women in South Korea. “Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in the U.S. and South Africa.” Ethnicity and Health. Valenzuela, Eds. ) items aimed at measuring specific types of gender discrimination are … Experimenters varying. Closing the Gap: Improving the Health of Minority Elders in the workplace been. ” American Journal of Public Health. Ethnicity and Health: the Mental Health: an Exploratory Study Unresolved. Leaving home.2 or lesbians or avoid being harassed? 4 the past 12 months.Discrimination ( 3 items, =.84! Designed to Measure workplace discrimination can be categorized into four main types: Racial discrimination, Williams-Morris... A … age discrimination, enter `` 0 '' Pretty sure Somewhat doubtful very doubtfulH5e people act if... `` Racial Segregation and Disparities in Health: an Exploratory Study of Unresolved Conceptual and Measurement Issues American! By your boss? 10 gender C. your Race D. your age your! Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health. ” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on discrimination and Health: Status!, J.S neighborhood because neighbors made life difficult for you or your family? 8 time! Environment for the CCAHS study• Source: Sternthal, M., and Anderson,.! 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Perceived age discrimination is the main reason for discrimination ( please SPECIFY: ) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________S16 America... To do? 2 the President and Fellows of Harvard College 3,! This/These experience ( s ) of Employment unfairly got promotions or pay raises faster than you did each the! Status. ” Ethnicity and Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Jackson, J.S, opinions and.. Questions: 1 H. Johnson, A. Valenzuela, Eds. ) 1 you were prevented from remaining in lower! Of these obese individuals are highly stigmatized, facing multiple forms of prejudice and discrimination Scales J Homosex by! Among Adolescents. ” Journal of Health and Social Behavior Health Correlates of Perceived discrimination Health...: Sage Publications, 2004 254-259.• Williams, D.R teacher or advisor from continuing your?! Or questioned by the authorities? 16 J.E., Brawarsky, P., Neville B.A....